Chinese architecture is a brilliant creature of human being in the world. Architecture in China reflects the Chinese culture and it is also an essence of Chinese culture and Chinese art. All the architectures in China show you how this civilization develop and live. Different design of Chinese architecture shows the different need of Chinese dynasties. If you want to use several words to describe the Chinese architecture, you may use beautiful, gorgeous, elegant, skillful, creative, attractive and amazing. Maybe you think it is exaggerated to use these words to describe the Chinese architecture, but once you come to China to see them, you will know why lots of architects like traveling to China to collect the inspiration for their work.
The Chinese Architecture Features
- The Chinese architects pay more attention to make its work be harmonious with the environment and the nature. Chinese people pursuit the balance between human and nature and hope anything created by mankind should not affect the beauty of nature.
- The balance in the concept of architecture design. If you have seen the architecture in China, you will find nearly all the building can be divided into two parts from the center and each part is the same as the other one.
- Sophisticated Decoration and complicated sculpture are easy to be found in Chinese architecture.
- Rich color used and exquisite painting in the architecture in China.
There are several kinds of architectures which are the representatives of Chinese architecture you must visit when you come to China.
Chinese Architecture -- City Walls in China
City Wall is the most common architecture in the ancient China. In the ancient time of China, different cities built their own city walls in order to prevent themselves from the attack and in order to set the boundary. In China, the design of city walls has been considered more. Different regime asks for the different functions. Now we will introduce you some of Chinese most amazing city walls.
The Great Wall
It is the one of the most famous architectures in the world and also be called the new Wonder of World. Built in the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, but it has been modified until Ming Dynasty. The first emperor of China Qing Shihuang connected the Great Wall at the period of Qing Dynasty. The Great Wall was built to prevent the attack from North ethnic groups, until now you can see the beacon tower on the wall and it can be called the most effect defense system in those times. Have a length of 8851.8 kilometers, 6 to 7 meters high and 4 to 5 meters wide, it is hardly to think how Chinese people built it with the common tools. When you go up to the Great Wall, you will find the Great Wall was built on the high mountain and with the huge cube stone which is much heavy. Without the advanced tools, Chinese people create this wonder. This majestic architecture shows the intelligence of Chinese people and the spirit of them.
Xian Ancient City Wall
It is built in Ming Dynasty when the whole country was under the regime of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang. Zhu Yuanzhang was the first emperor of Ming Dynasty. This Chinese architecture was built under the trend of building high wall. The original idea of building this architecture is to stabilize the regime of Zhu Yuanzhang, a kind of Chinese superstition. But later, it became the defense system of Xian (Old name, Chang'an). The Xian Ancient City Wall is 12 meter high and the width is 12 meters. There are altogether 98 ramparts; each has a sentry building on top of it. The whole wall is width enough for biking or driving car. If you come to Xian, you must visit this Chinese architecture which will tell you the story of Ming Dynasty.
Nanjing Old City Wall
It is another work under the trend of building high wall in Ming Dynasty. This architecture has more meanings than just being a defense system. It was treat as the symbol which told people Zhu Yuanzhang had chosen Nanjing as the capital of China that time. The completed drainage system, excellent defense function and clever design make this Chinese architecture another masterpiece of city wall besides the Great Wall. The Nanjing Old City Wall has been treated as the masterpiece of China city wall combing the function of defense and design aesthetics. The nearly perfect design attracts lots of architects from all around the wall.
Chinese Architecture – The architectures in the Ancient Capitals in China
As one of the most famous city in the world, Beijing city is a heritage of Chinese architecture. Maybe most people have not been aware of the old architectures in Beijing. If you have noticed them, you will find how amazing they are. The most famous architectures in Beijing are the Great Wall and the Forbidden City which have been list on the World Heritage List. They are the best representative of Chinese architecture. By visiting them, you will learn lots of Chinese architecture design, concept and the ways of construction. Besides these two, you can also find the essence of Chinese architecture in Summer Palace, Ming Tomb and the Hutong.
It was another ancient capital of China in the past 13 dynasties in Chinese history. In Xian, the Ancient City Wall is a must-see attraction which is also a great building among the amazing architectures in China. Besides the Ancient City Wall, the Qin Warrior Army Terracotta Museum is another place showing you the majestic skill and concept of Chinese architecture. It was built in Qin Dynasty and it is the tomb of Qin Shihuang. It is also named The Eighth World Wonder.
It was the capital of China in Ming Dynasty. Lots people may do not know it was once a capital in China. In this city, the old architecture is in the style of Ming Dynasty. The buildings made in the old time here show the aesthetics of Ming Dynasty in China. Confucius Temple, Gan Family's Compound, the Rain Flower Terrace and Jiangnan Examination School, all are the best places for people who want to learn the Chinese architecture concept and design in Ming Dynasty.
It is an ancient capital in China affected by the Buddhism. All the ancient architectures here are with Buddhism elements. The World Heritage Longmen Grottoes is just in this city. The fantastic sculpture and amazing skill have attracted lots of people from all around the world. This architecture also shows how important the Buddhism was in the old time in China. The White Horse Temple and Museum of Ancient Tombs are other places that can tell you the story history of Chinese architecture.